"History, Science, and Art of Ocular Prosthetics" Lecture and Reception at UCSF

Click here to open the full event lecture:


In the 1800s, Amandus Müller, a descendant of Ludwig Müller-Uri, created thirteen kits of pathological eye models to be used as teaching devices. The kits were sold to medical schools in Europe, and at least one kit was brought to America by the Müllers' relatives.

The only known complete kit of pathological eye models made by ocularist Amandus Müller in the 1800s, currently on exhibit at the UCSF Parnassus Library.

The only known complete kit of pathological eye models made by ocularist Amandus Müller in the 1800s, currently on exhibit at the UCSF Parnassus Library.

Amandus Müller was the granduncle of Gottlieb Theodore Danz, Sr., who is the grandfather of retired ocularist Phillip A. Danz. Prior to his retirement, Phillip Danz owned several practices in California. His practice in Sacramento, now owned by his former apprentice Eric M. Lindsey, is where I currently work.

After Gottlieb Theodore Danz, Sr. passed away, his widow gave the last complete ocular pathology kit to Phillip Danz. In 1963, Phil donated the kit to the UCSF Ophthalmology Department. The kit was stored in the collections until 2014, when it was rediscovered in the Special Collections of the Kalmanovitz Library Knowledge and Learning Center.

Coinciding with UCSF's 150th Anniversary celebration, this kit became the center of a current exhibit and publication "History, Science, & Art of Ocular Prosthetics."

The exhibit kicked off on Thursday, May 28, 2015 at the UCSF Parnassus Library with Mr. Phillip Danz being presented an award from the State Assembly, followed by a lecture and reception. The lecture was given by Dr. Robert S. Sherins, M.D. of UCSF, who has collaborated with several members of the Danz family in putting together this exhibit with a corresponding manuscript (links to download below). San Francisco ocularist Willie Danz, who donated much of the glass eye making supplies for this exhibit, was another honored guest at this event.

Mr. Phillip A. Danz being presented a State Assembly award at the event by Steven Stenzler, aid to Assemblyman Ken Kooley. On the left is Mr. William Danz.

Mr. Phillip A. Danz being presented a State Assembly award at the event by Steven Stenzler, aid to Assemblyman Ken Kooley. On the left is Mr. William Danz.

Download the manuscript here:


Special thanks for UCSF, Dr. Sherins, and the Danz family for providing the video and manuscript.

Sherins, R. S. (2015). Origin of modern ocular prosthetics: A retrospective review of the evolution and ancient spiritual perceptions about the eye. UCSF, Kalmanovitz Library Special Collections.